Gary's Combat Aircraft Reference Guide

FM 44-80:  An-12


Country of Origin: CIS (formerly USSR).
Similar Aircraft: C-130 Hercules, C-160 Transall, G.222.
Crew: Six.
Role: Medium-cargo/transport (100 equipped troops, vehicles, and weapons), ECM, ELINT.
Armament: Twin NR-23 23mm cannons in tail turret.
Dimensions: 121 ft, 4 in (37 m). Span: 124 ft, 8 in (38 m).
Performance: Combat radius 932 to 1,118 miles (1,500 to 1,800 km).


Can operate from dirt strips.


Wings: High-mounted with drooping outer wing panels, back-tapered leading edges, straight trailing edges, and blunt tips.

Engine(s): Four turboprop engines mounted under the wings' leading edges.

Fuselage: Round, slender body with stepped cockpit and glassed-in nose. Landing gear pods bulge at lower body midsection. Upswept rear section.

Tail: Flats are unequally tapered with blunt tips and mounted high on the fuselage. Fin is tapered with a blunt tip and a step in the leading edge. Two 23-mm guns in tail turret.


Angola, Afghanistan, Bulgaria, CIS, Czech Republic, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Iraq, People's Republic of China (Y-12), Poland, Slovakia, South Yemen, Sri Lanka, Syria (Y-12), Yugoslavia.

More An-12 Art

GTA 44-2-10:  An-12