Gary's Combat Aircraft Reference Guide

FM 44-80:  C-130


Country of Origin: USA.
Similar Aircraft: An-12 Cub, C-160 Transall, G.222.
Crew: Four.
Role: Transport, cargo (92 equipped troops, light-tactical vehicles), airdrop, low-level extraction, air refueling, reconnaissance, gunship.
Armament: Usually none, except AC-130G gunship.
Dimensions: Length: 97 ft, 9 in (29.78 m). Span: 132 ft, 7 in (40.41 m).


The C-130 Hercules series aircraft is a medium-range, high-winged, turboprop airplane designed for tactical, theater type missions. It is the primary aircraft utilized by the AMC (Air Mobility Command) for tactical missions. This aircraft is used when moving units within a theater of operations.

The peacetime ACL (allowable cargo load) based on 2,500 NM for a C-130 is 25,000 pounds; the wartime ACL based on 1,175 NM is 35,000 pounds. The C-130 does not have a separate passenger compartment, and passengers compete for available ACL.

Parachutists may be dropped using either the two jump doors or the ramp. Over-the-ramp operations can include the combination of an equipment drop followed by parachutists. Parachutists may be dropped over the ramp without an equipment drop (maximum of 20 parachutists for each pass).

Palletized Cargo
Up to 6 type 463L pallets
Web passenger seats90
Full side wall seats only42
Maximum on over water flights74
Parachutist Load
Combat Concentrated Loading
Wartime Emergency Operations
Mass Drop64
In-flight Rigging44
HALO Ramp Operations and Wedge42
Arctic Operations40
Helicopters - Major Disassembly Required


Wings: High-mounted with straight leading edges, forward tapered trailing edges, and blunt tips.

Engine(s): Four turboprops mounted under and extending beyond wings' leading edges.

Fuselage: Wide and circular with solid, blunt nose. Stepped cockpit. Upswept rear section.

Tail: Flats equally tapered and high-mounted on the body. Tall tail fin tapered with a blunt tip.


Algeria, Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Cameroon, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, France, Greece, Honduras, Indonesia, Iran, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Libya, Malaysia, Mexico, Morocco, New Zealand, Niger, Nigeria, Yemen, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Africa, Korea, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, UAE, UK, USA, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zaire.

More C-130 Art

FM 55-17:  C-130 FM 3-21.220:  C-130 C-130 GTA 44-2-10:  C-130