ASU-85 Airborne Assault Gun
Gary's Combat Vehicle Reference Guide

Country of OriginCIS (formerly USSR)
RoleAir-portable self-propelled anti-tank gun (tank destroyer)
Date Of Introduction1961
Crew4 (commander, driver, gunner, loader)
Combat Weight17.1 tons (15.5 mt)
Ground Pressure7.3 psi (0.51 kg/cm²)
Length, Overall 27.85 ft (8.49 m)
Length, Hull 19.69 ft (6 m)
Width, Overall 9.19 ft (2.8 m)
Height, Minus AA MG or IR Searchlights 6.9 ft (2.1 m)
Ground Clearance15.7 in (0.4 m)
Engine240hp (179 kw) V-6 inline water-cooled diesel
Range162 miles (260 km)
Fuel Capacity66 gal (250 l)
Road Speed28 mph (45 km/h)
Cross Country Speed?
Swim SpeedN/A
Fording Depth3.6 ft (1.1 m)
Trench Crossing9.2 ft (2.8 m)
Vertical Wall Climb3.6 ft (1.1 m)
ArmorGlacis: 1.6 in (40 mm)
Sides, upper: 0.6 in (15 mm)
Mantlet: 1.6 in (40 mm)
Hull top: 0.3 in (8 mm)
Hull floor: 0.4 in (10 mm)
Hull rear: 0.4 in (10 mm)
Applique Armor?
Explosive Reactive Armor?
Active Protective System?
NBC Protection System?
Smoke Equipment?
Type Mount Typical Ammo Load
85mm D-70 main gun Mounted in the glacis plate slightly offset to the left of the vehicle's centerline; double baffle muzzle brake; fume extractor 40
7.62mm SGMT machine gun Coaxial to main gun 2,000
Some vehicles have a 12.7mm DShKM machine gun mounted on the roof for anti-aircraft defense
Fire Control System?
Main Gun Stabilization?
Infrared SearchlightYes


ASU is the Russian designation for the airborne assault gun (Aviadezantnaya Samochodnaya Ustanovka) and 85 is for the caliber of the gun. The ASU-85 is the replacement for the ASU-57 57mm, which is no longer in service with the Russian Army. The ASU-85 is used primarily in an anti-tank role.

The ASU-85 has no amphibious capability. It has an all-welded steel hull with the fighting compartment at the front and the engine and transmission at the rear. The driver is seated at the front of the vehicle on the right with the commander seated behind the driver. The gunner and loader are seated on the left of the main armament.

GTA 17-2-8: ASU-85
Recognition features: ASU-85


There are no known variants of the ASU-85.