|Country of Origin||CIS (formerly USSR)|
|Role||Air-droppable armored personnel carrier and fire support vehicle|
|Date Of Introduction||1969|
|Crew||3 (commander, gunner, driver) + 4 passengers|
|Combat Weight||8.3 tons (7.5 mt)|
|Ground Pressure||8.11 psi (0.57 kg/cm²)|
||17.74 ft (5.41 m)|
||8.3 ft (2.53 m)|
||5.3-6.5 ft (1.62-1.97 m)|
|Ground Clearance||3.9-17.7 in (100-450 mm)|
|Engine||240 hp (179 kw) diesel|
|Range||200 miles (320 km)|
|Road Speed||40 mph (65 km/h)|
|Cross Country Speed||25-28 mph (40-45 km/h)|
|Swim Speed||4 mph (7 km/h)|
|Trench Crossing||5.25 ft (1.60 m)|
|Vertical Wall Climb||2.6 ft (0.80 m)|
|Armor||Hull: 0.6 in (15 mm). Turret front: 0.9 in (23 mm) or antibullet|
|Applique Armor||Available. See VARIANTS|
|Explosive Reactive Armor||Available. See VARIANTS|
|Active Protective System||N/A|
|NBC Protection System||Collective|
|Smoke Equipment||Vehicle engine exhaust smoke system|
||Typical Ammo Load
|73mm 2A28/Grom smoothbore main gun
|7.62mm PKT machine gun
||Coaxial to main gun
|Two 7.62mm PKT machine guns
||Ball-mounted on bow
|9P111 AT-3 ATGM launcher.
|Launch rail on main gun; dismountable
AT-3, AT-3A, AT-3B, AT-3C, AT-3C Imp, Malyutka-2, Malyutka HE
|Firing ports: 1 on each side, 1 in left rear door
|Fire Control System||?|
|Main Gun Stabilization||N/A|
Since 1973, the BMD (Boyevaya Machina Desantnaya
) replaced the airborne assault gun ASU-57 in the Soviet airborne forces, substantially increasing the firepower and maneuverability of the airborne division.
Originally thought to be a light tank, the BMD may more properly be considered the airborne equivalent of the BMP infantry combat vehicle.
Although, it superficially resembles the BMP, it is considerably smaller and except for the turret and main armament, is an entirely new design.
The driver sits front center with commander to the left and bow machine gunner to the right.
Vehicle can be parachute landed with airborne troops onboard. Height can be lowered.
- Tracked vehicle.
- Suspension can raise and lower.
- Five evenly spaced road wheels with four support rollers (first and fourth support inside of track only).
- Boat-shaped hull.
- Rear crew compartment.
- Flat turret set forward on hull.
- Diver's hatch mounted under main gun.
- Two hydrojets mounted in rear (amphibious).
- Two piece trim vane mounted on top of nose.
Russian KBP offers a drop-in one-man turret, called Kliver, with a stabilized 2A72 30mm gun, a 4-Kornet ATGM launcher, thermal sights, and
improved fire control system. The Russian Volgorod Tractor Plant offers the B30 turret (a drop-in one-man turret with 2A42 30mm gun, 7.62mm
coax MG, and a 9P135M launcher for AT-4/-5 ATGM). A Russian AG-17 30mm automatic grenade launcher is available for BMD-1.
Other options are spall liners, air conditioning, and a more powerful engine. A French SNPE explosive reactive armor (ERA) kit and others are
available for use on the BMD-1. However, during dismounted troop movement, ERA would be a hazard. Thus, passive armor is more likely; and
ERA application is doubtful. For amphibious use, additional armor application is unlikely.
The Slovenian TS-M ATGM thermal night sight has a detection range of 4,500m and a recognition range of 2,000m.
- 1969. Original production model. See data above.
- Command IFV (CIS), with added R-126 and R-107 transceivers.
- Command and communications vehicle which replaces BMP-1KSh for airborne forces. It has a raised structure vs turret, six road wheels, a CLOTHESLINE radio antenna, and an AGS-17 AGL
- Variant with improved ventilation and road wheels.
- Widely fielded IFV with AT-4/5 replacing AT-3.
- Company commander variant (CIS) of BMD-1P.
- Widely fielded variant with a 30mm automatic gun and with AT-3 replaced by AT-4/5.
- BTR-D / BMD M1979
- Stretched (6 road wheels) armored multipurpose transporter variant, with two 7.62mm MGs but no turret.
This chassis has been used for a variety of other airborne vehicles.
BMD-1 Photos - Click on image sample to see full size image.
U.S. DoD Photo
1024x589, 163K, JPEG, B/W
U.S. Army Photo
800x563, 153K, JPEG